The Advantages and Types of Castings

castings & forgings

There are a number of manufacturing processes and casting is said to be the oldest one. A lot of steps are involved in the manufacturing of a product. A number of different ways are there to do the same. Casting is an economical process and is useful in making complex shapes of all kinds. The products yielded from the process are also called casting. Businesses see a great deal in engineering castings in India.  It is a widely accepted process to manufacture certain distinct items.

What is casting?
In casting, a liquid material is introduced into a mold of the desired shape. There is a hollow cavity inside the mold which is responsible for providing the desired shape. The liquid material is then allowed to solidify and turn into a product. This product is then furnished and made available for use. A good number of advantages make this process a valuable one.

Benefits of casting
The evolution of casting processes has resulted into making this process more adaptable. Engineering castings in India offer a good amount of benefits to manufacturers as well as consumers. Manufacturing is now easier with the help of casting because of the following reasons:

Flexibility:
The flexibility of size as well as weight is offered that ensures production of a number of products of nearly all kind of shapes. Size is not a big concern in this type of casting. Also, the products can be heavy or lightweight depending upon the situations.

Complex Shapes:
Casting ensures economic manufacturing of complex shapes. The ways adapted in the process of casting are effective enough to produce complex shapes as well.

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Any material can be cast:
The best point that comes under the advantages of casting is about its materials. There is no material that cannot be cast. Thus, this process comes out to be the best because of the flexibility in the use of materials.

Less wastage of raw materials:
As the process uses simple and economic methods, raw materials are used to their fullest advantage resulting in less wastage.

High compressive strength:
The compressive strength of castings is reportedly higher than others.

Simple and inexpensive tools:
The simplicity of the tools offers the ease of use to the manufacturer. Along with being simple, the tools are inexpensive and can be cost-savvy as well. Engineering castings in India also make the best outcome from these tools.

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The list of advantages of this process is somewhere responsible for the rising usage of casting over the years.

Types of Casting
Being an important part of the manufacturing industry, casting is done in various ways. These can be divided into 5 different ways:

Die Casting:
Die-casting ensures the post machinery to be of a minimal amount. Herein, the molding of the material is done under high pressure. Large production units find it economically viable.

Investment casting:
Another type of casting involves both solid parts and complex hollow cores.

Sand Casting:
Sand casting is said to be the least expensive of all types. It relies on silica-based materials.

Permanent mold-casting:
As the name clarifies, permanent mold-casting ensures permanent behavior of molds. This type of casting involves mold cavities that make it appropriate for repetitive use.

Plaster Casting:
Plaster casting is strikingly similar to sand casting. The difference being, instead of sand, water, gypsum, and strengthening, a compound mixture is used.

All these casting types are preferred by engineering castings of India in accordance to their needs and requirement. Different kinds of metals require different types of casting like, Duplex Steel Casting, Marine Castings and Defense Castings hence it’s better to ensure the type of casting which suits the process.

More Quality Resources About Casting

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